Mongolia is a country with pristine wilderness, a culture virtually untouched by Western influences and a people known for their unfaltering hospitality and warmth. The Mongols have been living the same nomadic way of life for centuries. Living in their traditional Gers – which are easily collapsed, moved, and re-erected – they herd their animals across the steppe, forever searching for fresh pasture. Mongolia is rich country of its human history, according to discoveries, pre historical humans used to be lived in the territory of Mongolia some 700 thousand years ago. The Homo sapiens who is like present type of people lived almost 40,000 years ago in Mongolia. Mongolian warriors were known to the World after they established first official state Hunnu Empire date back to 3th century and Genghis Khan, Great Mongolian Empire who occupied the half of the World in the 13th century. The Mongolian countryside is really astounding, covering an area of 1,564,116 square km area, Mongolia offers a diverse landscape ranging from mountains, trees and lush meadows in the north to the expanse of sand and rocks of the Gobi desert in the south and its rich of flora and fauna, rare Worldwide herbs and plants such as sea back thorn bushes grow in Mongolia and snow leopard, wild sheep etc.., rare endangered species of wild animals that listed in red book of Mongolia and World listed animals live also in Mongolia. The country also boasts some staggeringly beautiful lakes and rivers, it is home to 380 species of fishes. Mongolian culture is based on an infinite number of customs and traditions. For example, Mongols have an immense respect for their blue sky, nature, livestock and elder people that based on ritual religion of ancient shamanism. Now days, 85% of the Mongolians believe in the Tibetan Buddhism that practiced in Mongolia since 16th century and rest of them are worshipped in Shamanism in the north. Another family tradition is, inside the Ger visitors move clockwise after entering, and are seated in the northwest section (the door always faces south). The back of the Ger is a place of honor and usually reserved for special guests and elderly people. Tea and food are always served with the right hand supported at the elbow (or both hands if the dish is heavy), and received in the same manner – without touching the upper rim of the bowl. If food is offered it is considered rude to refuse it, but it’s ok to have a taste and then hand it back if you’re not hungry. As most of Mongolia is undeveloped, the visitors are provided with views of endless unspoiled countryside, dotted with Gers and wandering herds. Combine this with the fascinating culture and you can see why Mongolia really is a destination not to be missed.
Territory: 1,564,116 square km.
Population: 3 million.
Capital: Ulaanbaatar. Population is 1.3 million.
Official language: Mongolian Language. Common foreign language is an English and Russian.
Bordering country: China and Russia (totally 8158km).
Political system: Parliamentary with free market election, once in every 4 years.
Currency: Tugrug (MNT).
Religions: Buddhism and shamanism.
Economy: Based on agriculture, livestock and mining,
Climate: 4 continental seasons, hot summer about +20 and cold winter –25 Celsius.
Terrain: Mountains are in the north and south west, rolling hills and steppes are in the center and southeast, vast semi-desert and Gobi desert plains in the south.
Average altitude: 1586 m above sea level. Highest point is 4374 m and lowest point is 560 m.
Time zone: +8 hours to GMT.